Flora and plant species

Discover our island

 

 


There are around 700 different species of plants on Giglio Island, and some of which are quite common, e.g. lemon, fig, orange and chestnut trees, olive groves and vineyards.


The studies of the botanist Stefano Sommier in 1900 led to the discovery of the presence of previously unknown plants such as the Kefalonian thistle, Capraian Linaria, milkvetch, corn salad, Gladiolus dubius and tree wormwood.

 

For those with a serious interest in the flora of Glglio, the following is a list of the most easily identified plants on the island:

 

 

Beach broom (Lotus creticus)
Blue bindweed (Convolvulus siculus)
Broom (Calicotome villosa)
Bunchgrass (Brachypodium ramosum)
Campion (Silene negletta)
Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)
Common hazel (Corylus avellana)
Common myrtle (Myrtus communis)
Common smilax (Smilax aspera)
Cork oak (Quercus suber)
Corn marigold, wild chrysanthemum (Coleostephus myconis)
Curry plant (Helichrysum italicum)
Cyclamen (Cyclamen repandum)
Downy oak (Quercus pubescens)
Elm (Ulmus campestris)
Erica (Erica arborea, Erica multiflora)
Evergreen honeysuckle (Lonicera implexa)
Evergreen oak (Quercus ilex)
Field maple (Acer campestre)
Gray’s sedge (Carex grayi)
Hypocistis (Cytinus hypocistis)
Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus)
Italian thistle (Carduus pycnocephalus)
Kefalonian thistle (Cardus cephalanthus)
Capraian Linaria (Linaria capraria)
Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster)
Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus)
Montpelier cistus (Cistus monspeliensis)
Mustard (Sinapis procumbens)
Navelwort (Umbilicus pendulinus)
Orchid (Orchis insularis)
Paperwhite (Narcissus tazzetta)
Phoenicean juniper (Juniperus phoenicea)
Ragwort (Senecio lividus)
Rock rose (Cistus incanus)
Romulea (Romùlea ramiflora)
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Salvia cistus (Cistus salvifolius)
Sea daffodil (Pancratium maritimum)
Sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum)
Sessile oak (Quercus sessiliflora)
Sickle-fruited hypecoum (Hypecoum procumbens)
Silver ragwort (Senecio cineraria, Jacobaea maritima)
Spanish broom (Spartium junceum)
Statice (Limonium virgata)
Stock (Matthiola incava)
Stone pine (Pinus pinea)
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)
Thorny broom (Calycotome spinosa)
Tree germander (Teucrium fruticans)
Tree wormwood (Artemisia arborescens)
Turkey oak (Quercus cerris)
White willow (Salix alba)
Wild carrot (Daucus carota)
Wild lavendar (Lavandula stoechas)
Wild madder (Rubia peregrina)
Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis)
Yellow hornpoppy (Glaucium flavum)